The United Nations Security Council (hereinafter the “UNSC”) unanimously adopted a resolution to take action against Islamic State [IS], a radical Sunni Islamist militant group. This resolution was proposed by France, a permanent member of the UNSC, on November 19. The UNSC has the authority to impose economic and military sanctions for the security of international society. The UNSC is composed of five permanent members—the United States, China, France, Russia, and the United Kingdom—and ten non-permanent members elected for two-year terms.
The direct motive for the UNSC’s adoption of this resolution was a series of terror attacks that killed more than 129 people in Paris, France, on November 13. Before the terrorist attacks in Paris, the Islamic State launched suicide bomb attacks in Beirut, Lebanon, on November 12, which resulted in over 200 casualties. IS also claimed responsibility for the downing of a Russian airliner at the end of October, which killed all 224 people on board. Terrorist attacks also occurred in Ankara, Turkey, and Sousse, Tunisia.
The resolution focuses on preventing further attacks by IS terrorists. It also urges the international community to combat by all means this unprecedented threat. In the resolution, the UNSC called on member states to take all necessary measures against the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, in compliance with international law. The UNSC agreed that member states should intensify their efforts to stem the flow of foreign terrorist fighters into Syria and Iraq, and to prevent and suppress the financing of terrorism.
Reporter Lee Seul[firstname.lastname@example.org]